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As disclosed in "Note 1 — General Information," the Company completed the Quad acquisition in 2020. The Company paid $41 million for the Quad acquisition using existing cash and borrowings under its revolving credit facility. During the first quarter of 2021, the acquisition accounting for Quad was finalized.

On April 1, 2020, the Company acquired the Consumer Packaging Group business from Greif, Inc., a leader in industrial packaging products and services. The acquisition included seven converting facilities across the United States and will allow the Company to increase its mill-to-converting plant integration over time. The Company paid $80 million using existing cash and borrowings under its revolving credit facility. The purchase price has been preliminarily allocated to assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on the estimated fair values as of the acquisition date and is subject to adjustments in subsequent periods once the third-party valuations are finalized. The Company recorded $13 million related to identifiable intangible assets (customer relationships with useful lives of fifteen years) and $67 million related to net tangible assets (primarily working capital, land/buildings and equipment). During 2020, Net Sales and Loss from Operations for the Consumer Packaging Group acquisition were $165 million and $14 million, respectively.
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UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2021
or
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from to

COMMISSION FILE NUMBER: 001-33988

Graphic Packaging Holding Company

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware26-0405422
(State or other jurisdiction of(I.R.S. employer
incorporation or organization)identification no.)
1500 Riveredge Parkway, Suite 100
Atlanta ,Georgia30328
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)

(770) 240-7200
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of Each ClassTrading Symbol(s)Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered
Common Stock, $0.01 par value per shareGPKNew York Stock Exchange
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
None

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

Large accelerated filer Accelerated filer Smaller reporting company
Non-accelerated filer (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes   No

As of April 26, 2021, there were 284,201,767 shares of the registrant’s Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share, outstanding.



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INFORMATION CONCERNING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

Certain statements regarding the expectations of Graphic Packaging Holding Company (“GPHC” and, together with its subsidiaries, the “Company”), including, but not limited to, pursuing strategic acquisition opportunities, obtaining adequate wood and fiber supplies, the deductibility of goodwill for tax purposes, the availability of U.S. federal income tax attributes to offset U.S. federal income taxes and the timing related to the Company's future U.S. federal income tax payments, the anticipated reduction of International Paper Company's investment in Graphic Packaging International Partners, LLC, reclassification of loss on derivative instruments, termination of the U.S. pension plan and charges related thereto, charges associated with coated recycled paperboard mill exit activities, capital investment, depreciation and amortization, interest expense, pension plan contributions and post-retirement health care benefit payments in this report constitute “forward-looking statements” as defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Such statements are based on currently available operating, financial and competitive information and are subject to various risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from the Company’s historical experience and its present expectations. These risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Company's operations and business, inflation of and volatility in raw material and energy costs, changes in consumer buying habits and product preferences, competition with other paperboard manufacturers and converters, product substitution, the Company’s ability to implement its business strategies, including strategic acquisitions, the Company's ability to successfully integrate acquisitions, productivity initiatives and cost reduction plans, the Company’s debt level, currency movements and other risks of conducting business internationally, and the impact of regulatory and litigation matters, including those that could impact the Company’s ability to utilize its U.S. federal income tax attributes to offset taxable income or U.S. federal income taxes and those that impact the Company's ability to protect and use its intellectual property. Undue reliance should not be placed on such forward-looking statements, as such statements speak only as of the date on which they are made and the Company undertakes no obligation to update such statements, except as may be required by law. Additional information regarding these and other risks is contained in Part I, "Item 1A., Risk Factors" of the Company's 2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K, and in other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission.




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TABLE OF CONTENTS

EX-31.1
EX-31.2
EX-32.1
EX-32.2
XBRL Content


2

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PART I FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

GRAPHIC PACKAGING HOLDING COMPANY
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(Unaudited)

Three Months Ended
March 31,
In millions, except per share amounts20212020
Net Sales$1,649 $1,599 
Cost of Sales1,400 1,278 
Selling, General and Administrative126 136 
Other Expense, Net3 6 
Business Combinations, Shutdown and Other Special Charges, and Exit Activities, Net12 19 
Income from Operations108 160 
Nonoperating Pension and Postretirement Benefit Income (Expense)2 (151)
Interest Expense, Net(30)(34)
Income (Loss) before Income Taxes80 (25)
Income Tax (Expense) Benefit(18)5 
Net Income (Loss)62 (20)
Net (Income) Loss Attributable to Noncontrolling Interest(8)7 
Net Income (Loss) Attributable to Graphic Packaging Holding Company$54 $(13)
Net Income (Loss) Per Share Attributable to Graphic Packaging Holding Company — Basic
$0.20 $(0.04)
Net Income (Loss) Per Share Attributable to Graphic Packaging Holding Company — Diluted
$0.19 $(0.04)

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

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GRAPHIC PACKAGING HOLDING COMPANY
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(Unaudited)

Three Months Ended March 31,
2021
In millionsGraphic Packaging Holding CompanyNoncontrolling InterestTotal
Net Income$54 $8 $62 
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss), Net of Tax:
Derivative Instruments3 1 4 
Pension and Postretirement Benefit Plans10  10 
Currency Translation Adjustment(4)(1)(5)
Total Other Comprehensive Income, Net of Tax9  9 
Total Comprehensive Income$63 $8 $71 

2020
Graphic Packaging Holding CompanyNoncontrolling InterestRedeemable Noncontrolling InterestTotal
Net Loss$(13)$(2)$(5)$(20)
Other Comprehensive (Loss) Income, Net of Tax:
Derivative Instruments(1)  (1)
Pension and Postretirement Benefit Plans114 32 9 155 
Currency Translation Adjustment(46)(10)(1)(57)
Total Other Comprehensive Income, Net of Tax67 22 8 97 
Total Comprehensive Income $54 $20 $3 $77 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
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GRAPHIC PACKAGING HOLDING COMPANY
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Unaudited)
In millions, except share and per share amountsMarch 31,
2021
December 31, 2020
ASSETS
Current Assets:
Cash and Cash Equivalents$116 $179 
Receivables, Net586 654 
Inventories, Net1,125 1,128 
Other Current Assets84 59 
Total Current Assets1,911 2,020 
Property, Plant and Equipment, Net3,631 3,560 
Goodwill1,478 1,478 
Intangible Assets, Net423 437 
Other Assets304 310 
Total Assets$7,747 $7,805 
LIABILITIES
Current Liabilities:
Short-Term Debt and Current Portion of Long-Term Debt
$52 $497 
Accounts Payable781 825 
Compensation and Employee Benefits158 213 
Other Accrued Liabilities327 321 
Total Current Liabilities1,318 1,856 
Long-Term Debt3,787 3,147 
Deferred Income Tax Liabilities489 540 
Accrued Pension and Postretirement Benefits117 130 
Other Noncurrent Liabilities299 292 
SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Preferred Stock, par value $0.01 per share; 100,000,000 shares authorized; no shares issued or outstanding
  
Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share; 1,000,000,000 shares authorized; 284,201,767 and 267,726,373 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively
3 3 
Capital in Excess of Par Value1,782 1,715 
Accumulated Deficit(15)(48)
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss(237)(246)
Total Graphic Packaging Holding Company Shareholders' Equity1,533 1,424 
 Noncontrolling Interest204 416 
Total Equity1,737 1,840 
Total Liabilities and Shareholders' Equity$7,747 $7,805 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
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GRAPHIC PACKAGING HOLDING COMPANY
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EQUITY AND REDEEMABLE NONCONTROLLING INTEREST
(Unaudited)

Common StockCapital in Excess of Par Value(Accumulated Deficit) Retained Earnings Accumulated Other Comprehensive (Loss) Income
In millions, except share amountsSharesAmountNoncontrolling InterestsTotal Equity
Balances at December 31, 2020
267,726,373 $3 $1,715 $(48)$(246)$416 $1,840 
Net Income
— — — 54 — 8 62 
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss), Net of Tax:
Derivative Instruments
— — — — 3 1 4 
Pension and Postretirement Benefit Plans
— — — — 10 — 10 
Currency Translation Adjustment
— — — — (4)(1)(5)
Reduction of IP's Ownership Interest15,307,000 — 70 — — (216)(146)
Dividends Declared
— — — (21)— — (21)
Distribution of Membership Interest
— — — — — (4)(4)
Recognition of Stock-Based Compensation, Net
— — (3)— — — (3)
Issuance of Shares for Stock-Based Awards
1,168,394 — — — — —  
Balances at March 31, 2021
284,201,767 $3 $1,782 $(15)$(237)$204 $1,737 


Common StockCapital in Excess of Par ValueRetained Earnings (Accumulated Deficit)Accumulated Other Comprehensive (Loss) IncomeNoncontrolling InterestsTotal EquityRedeemable Noncontrolling Interest
In millions, except share amountsSharesAmount
Balances at December 31, 2019
290,246,907 $3 $1,877 $56 $(367)$488 $2,057 $304 
Net Loss
— — — (13)— (2)(15)(5)
Other Comprehensive (Loss) Income, Net of Tax:
Derivative Instruments
— — — — (1)— (1)— 
Pension and Postretirement Benefit Plans
— — — — 114 32 146 9 
Currency Translation Adjustment
— — — — (46)(10)(56)(1)
Repurchase of Common Stock(a)
(9,667,034)— (53)(71)— — (124)— 
Dividends Declared
— — — (21)— — (21)— 
Redemption of IP's Ownership Interest— — — — — — — (250)
Redeemable Noncontrolling Interest Redemption Value Adjustment— — 18 — — — 18 (18)
Tax Effect of IP Redemption— — 7 — — — 7 
Distribution of Membership Interest
— — — — — (5)(5)(1)
Recognition of Stock-Based Compensation, Net
— — 4 — — — 4 — 
Issuance of Shares for Stock-Based Awards
788,561 — — — — —  — 
Balances at March 31, 2020
281,368,434 $3 $1,853 $(49)$(300)$503 $2,010 $38 
(a) Includes 410,400 shares repurchased but not yet settled as of March 31, 2020.


The accompanying notes are an integral part of the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.


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GRAPHIC PACKAGING HOLDING COMPANY
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended
March 31,
In millions20212020
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
Net Income (Loss)$62 $(20)
Adjustments to Reconcile Net Income (Loss) to Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities:
Depreciation and Amortization117 114 
Deferred Income Taxes7 (19)
Amount of Postretirement Expense (Less) Greater Than Funding(11)154 
Other, Net23 29 
Changes in Operating Assets and Liabilities(145)(337)
Net Cash Provided by (Used in) Operating Activities53 (79)
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
Capital Spending(137)(147)
Packaging Machinery Spending(9)(7)
Acquisition of Businesses, Net of Cash Acquired (42)
Beneficial Interest on Sold Receivables33 24 
Beneficial Interest Obtained in Exchange for Proceeds(5)(3)
Other, Net(2)(1)
Net Cash Used in Investing Activities(120)(176)
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
Repurchase of Common Stock (119)
Proceeds from Issuance of Debt1,225 450 
Retirement of Long-Term Debt(1,221) 
Payments on Debt(9)(9)
Redemption of Noncontrolling Interest(150)(250)
Borrowings under Revolving Credit Facilities885 1,179 
Payments on Revolving Credit Facilities(677)(987)
Repurchase of Common Stock related to Share-Based Payments(14)(9)
Debt Issuance Costs(5)(7)
Dividends and Distributions Paid to GPIP Partner(24)(27)
Other, Net(5)(3)
Net Cash Provided by Financing Activities5 218 
Effect of Exchange Rate Changes on Cash(1)(6)
Net Decrease in Cash and Cash Equivalents(63)(43)
Cash and Cash Equivalents at Beginning of Period179 153 
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT END OF PERIOD$116 $110 
Non-cash Investing Activities:
Beneficial Interest Obtained in Exchange for Trade Receivables$30 $30 
Right-of-Use Assets Obtained in Exchange for New Operating Lease Liabilities$22 $14 
Non-cash Financing Activities:
Non-cash Exchange of Stock Issuance for Redemption of Noncontrolling Interest$(250)$ 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
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GRAPHIC PACKAGING HOLDING COMPANY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

NOTE 1 — GENERAL INFORMATION

Nature of Business

Graphic Packaging Holding Company (“GPHC” and, together with its subsidiaries, the “Company”) is committed to providing consumer packaging that makes a world of difference. The Company is a leading provider of sustainable, fiber-based packaging solutions for a wide variety of products to food, beverage, foodservice and other consumer products companies. The Company operates on a global basis, is one of the largest producers of folding cartons in the United States ("U.S.") and holds leading market positions in coated-recycled paperboard ("CRB"), coated unbleached kraft paperboard ("CUK") and solid bleached sulfate paperboard ("SBS").

The Company’s customers include many of the world’s most widely recognized companies and brands with prominent market positions in beverage, food, foodservice, and other consumer products. The Company strives to provide its customers with innovative sustainable packaging solutions designed to deliver marketing and performance benefits at a competitive cost by capitalizing on its low-cost paperboard mills and converting facilities, its proprietary carton and packaging designs, and its commitment to quality and service.
On January 1, 2018, GPHC, a Delaware corporation, International Paper Company, a New York corporation (“IP”), Graphic Packaging International Partners, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company formerly known as Gazelle Newco LLC and a wholly- owned subsidiary of the Company (“GPIP”), and Graphic Packaging International, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company formerly known as Graphic Packaging International, Inc. and a direct subsidiary of GPIP (“GPIL”), completed a series of transactions pursuant to an agreement dated October 23, 2017, among the foregoing parties (the “Transaction Agreement”). Pursuant to the Transaction Agreement (i) a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company transferred its ownership interest in GPIL to GPIP; (ii) IP transferred its North America Consumer Packaging (“NACP”) business to GPIP, which was then subsequently transferred to GPIL; (iii) GPIP issued membership interests to IP, and IP was admitted as a member of GPIP; and (iv) GPIL assumed certain indebtedness of IP (the "NACP Combination").

During 2020, GPIP purchased 32.5 million partnership units from IP for $500 million in cash, fully redeeming the 18.2 million partnership units that were required to be redeemed in cash.

On February 16, 2021, the Company announced that IP had notified the Company of its intent to exchange additional partnership units. Per an agreement between the parties, on February 19, 2021, GPIP purchased 9.3 million partnership units from IP for $150 million in cash, and IP exchanged 15.3 million partnership units for an equivalent number of shares of GPHC common stock. As a result, IP's ownership interest in GPIP decreased to 7.4% as of February 19, 2021.

In connection with the February 19, 2021 exchange, pursuant to elections under Section 754 of the Internal Revenue Code, the Company expects to obtain an increase with respect to the tax basis in the assets of GPIP and certain of its subsidiaries. As a result, a payment pursuant to the Tax Receivable Agreement (“TRA”), executed in connection with the formation of the partnership on January 1, 2018, will be required. The TRA provides for the payment by the Company to IP of 50% of the present value of any tax benefits projected to be realized by the Company upon IP’s exchange of its membership interest into GPHC stock. As such, the Company recorded a TRA liability of approximately $43 million, which is included in Other Accrued Liabilities as of March 31, 2021, with the offset to Additional Paid-In Capital.. In accordance with the terms of the TRA, the Company expects the liability to be settled during the third quarter of 2021. Additionally, the Company recorded an adjustment through Additional Paid-in Capital to decrease its net domestic Deferred Tax Liability (“DTL”) by $58 million. The decrease in the DTL reflects the change in the outside basis difference associated with the Company’s investment in the partnership and includes the impact of the tax basis step up triggered by the exchange pursuant to Section 754 of the Internal Revenue Code in addition to other changes to book and tax basis as a result of the Company’s increased ownership interest in the partnership.

Unless otherwise negotiated by the parties, IP's next contractual opportunity to exchange their partnership units begins 180 days from the February 19, 2021 purchase date and is limited to the lesser of $250 million or 25% of the units owned immediately following the initial transaction, subject to a minimum. IP will have further opportunities to exchange their partnership units beginning 180 days after each purchase date. The Company may choose to satisfy these exchanges using shares of its common stock, cash, or a combination thereof.

As of March 31, 2021, GPIP had repurchased 44.2 million partnership units from GPI Holding, which distributed the proceeds to GPHC. GPHC used the proceeds to repurchase 44.2 million shares of GPHC's common stock. These partnership unit repurchases increased IP's ownership interest in GPIP, which was 7.4% at March 31, 2021. There were no repurchases of GPHC's common stock for the three months ended March 31, 2021.

The Company’s Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements include all subsidiaries in which the Company has the ability to exercise direct or indirect control over operating and financial policies. Intercompany transactions and balances are eliminated in consolidation. Certain reclassifications have been made to prior year amounts to conform to current year presentation.

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GRAPHIC PACKAGING HOLDING COMPANY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
In the Company’s opinion, the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements contain all normal recurring adjustments necessary to state fairly the financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the interim periods. The Company’s year-end Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet data was derived from audited financial statements. The accompanying unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with instructions to Form 10-Q and Rule 10-01 of Regulation S-X and do not include all the information required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) for complete financial statements. Therefore, these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements should be read in conjunction with GPHC’s Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020. In addition, the preparation of the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual amounts could differ from those estimates and changes in these estimates are recorded when known.

Revenue Recognition

The Company has two primary activities, manufacturing and converting paperboard, from which it generates revenue from contracts with customers, and revenue is disaggregated primarily by geography and type of activity as further explained in "Note 10 — Segment Information." All reportable segments and the Australia and Pacific Rim operating segments recognize revenue under the same method, allocate transaction price using similar methods, and have similar economic factors impacting the uncertainty of revenue and related cash flows.

Revenue is recognized on the Company's annual and multi-year supply contracts when the Company satisfies the performance obligation by transferring control over the product or service to a customer, which is generally based on shipping terms and passage of title under the point-in-time method of recognition. For the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, the Company recognized $1,644 million and $1,595 million, respectively, of revenue from contracts with customers.

The transaction price allocated to each performance obligation consists of the stand-alone selling price, estimates of rebates and other sales or contract renewal incentives, and cash discounts and sales returns ("variable consideration") and excludes sales tax. Estimates are made for Variable Consideration based on contract terms and historical experience of actual results and are applied to the performance obligations as they are satisfied. Purchases by the Company’s principal customers are manufactured and shipped with minimal lead time, therefore performance obligations are generally satisfied shortly after manufacturing and shipment. The Company uses standard payment terms that are consistent with industry practice.

The Company's contract assets consist primarily of contract renewal incentive payments to customers which are amortized over the period in which performance obligations related to the contract renewal are satisfied. As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, contract assets were $16 million and $15 million, respectively. The Company's contract liabilities consist principally of rebates, and as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 were $50 million and $56 million, respectively.

Accounts Receivable and Allowances

The Company has entered into agreements to sell, on a revolving basis, certain trade accounts receivable to third party financial institutions. Transfers under these agreements meet the requirements to be accounted for as sales in accordance with the Transfers and Servicing topic of the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") Accounting Standards Codification (the "Codification"). The loss on sale is not material and is included in Other Expense, Net line item on the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations. The following table summarizes the activity under these programs for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively:

Three Months Ended
March 31,
In millions20212020
Receivables Sold and Derecognized
$758 $610 
Proceeds Collected on Behalf of Financial Institutions685 609 
Net Proceeds Received From (Paid to) Financial Institutions62 (5)
Deferred Purchase Price at March 31(a)
9 7 
Pledged Receivables at March 31160 264 
(a) Included in Other Current Assets and represents a beneficial interest in the receivables sold to the financial institutions, which is a Level 3 fair value measure.

The Company has also entered into various factoring and supply chain financing arrangements which also qualify for sale accounting in accordance with the Transfers and Servicing topic of the FASB Codification. For the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, the Company sold receivables of $125 million and $72 million, respectively, related to these factoring arrangements.

Receivables sold under all programs subject to continuing involvement, which consists principally of collection services, were $689 million and $621 million as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.
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GRAPHIC PACKAGING HOLDING COMPANY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
Share Repurchases and Dividends

On February 25, 2021, the Company's board of directors declared a regular quarterly dividend of $0.075 per share of common stock payable on April 5, 2021 to shareholders of record as of March 15, 2021.
On January 28, 2019, the Company's board of directors authorized a share repurchase program to allow the Company to purchase up to $500 million of the Company's issued and outstanding shares of common stock through open market purchases, privately negotiated transactions and Rule 10b5-1 plans (the "2019 share repurchase program"). During the first three months of 2021, the Company did not repurchase any shares of its common stock under the 2019 share repurchase program. During the three months ended March 31, 2020, the Company repurchased 9,667,034 shares of its common stock at an average price of $12.87 under the 2019 share repurchase program. As of March 31, 2021, the Company has $147 million available for additional repurchases under the 2019 share repurchase program.

Business Combinations, Shutdown and Other Special Charges, and Exit Activities, Net

The following table summarizes the transactions recorded in Business Combinations, Shutdown and Other Special Charges, and Exit Activities, Net in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations:

Three Months Ended
March 31,
In millions20212020
Charges Associated with Business Combinations
$ $2 
Shutdown and Other Special Charges
8 4 
Exit Activities(a)
4 13 
Total
$12 $19 
(a) Relates to the Company's CRB mills, converting facility closures and the PM1 containerboard machine exit activities (see "Note 13 — Exit Activities").

2021

During 2019, the Company announced its plans to invest $600 million in a new CRB paper machine in Kalamazoo, Michigan. In conjunction with the completion of this project, the Company currently expects to close two of its smaller CRB Mills in 2022 in order to remain capacity neutral. Severance, retention, and other charges associated with this project are included in Exit Activities in the table above in the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020. For more information, see "Note 13 — Exit Activities." The Company also expects to incur start-up charges of $15 million for the new CRB paper machine in 2021. These start-up charges are included in Shutdown and Other Special Charges in the table above.

During 2019, the Company began a three-year program to dismantle and dispose of idle and abandoned assets primarily at the paperboard mills. Charges related to this program during the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 were $4 million and $2 million, respectively. Expected charges for this program for 2021 are $26 million. Charges associated with this program are included in Shutdown and Other Special Charges in the table above.

2020

On January 31, 2020, the Company acquired a folding carton facility from Quad/Graphics, Inc. ("Quad"), a commercial printing company. The converting facility is located in Omaha, Nebraska and is included in the Americas Paperboard Packaging reportable segment. The Company paid $41 million using existing cash and borrowings under its revolving credit facility. The costs associated with this acquisition are included in Charges Associated with Business Combinations in the table above. During the first quarter of 2021, the acquisition accounting for Quad was finalized.

In March 2020, the Company made the decision to close the White Pigeon, Michigan CRB mill and shut down the PM1 containerboard machine in West Monroe, Louisiana. Charges associated with these projects are included in Exit Activities in the table above. For more information, see "Note 13 — Exit Activities."

Adoption of New Accounting Standards

In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU No. 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes. This amendment modifies ASC 740 to simplify the accounting for income taxes. The guidance is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2020. The Company adopted this new guidance during the three months ended March 31, 2021. The Company’s adoption did not result in any changes in accounting principle upon transition and the impact to the Company’s overall financial statements is immaterial.


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GRAPHIC PACKAGING HOLDING COMPANY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
Accounting Standards Not Yet Adopted

In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting. This standard provides temporary optional expedients and exceptions for applying GAAP guidance on contract modifications and hedge accounting to ease the financial reporting burdens of the expected market transition from the LIBOR and other interbank offered rates to alternative reference rates, such as the Secured Overnight Financing Rate (“SOFR”). The ASU can be adopted after its issuance date through December 31, 2022. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this new accounting guidance.

NOTE 2 — INVENTORIES, NET

Inventories, Net by major class:
In millionsMarch 31, 2021December 31, 2020
Finished Goods$471 $471 
Work in Progress138 133
Raw Materials337 349
Supplies179 175
Total$1,125 $1,128 


NOTE 3 — DEBT

On March 8, 2021, GPIL completed a private offering of $400 million aggregate principal amount of its 0.821% Senior Secured Notes due 2024 and $400 million aggregate principal amount of its 1.512% Senior Secured Notes due 2026. The net proceeds were used by the Company to repay a portion of the outstanding borrowings under GPIL's term loan credit facilities, which is under its senior secured credit facility.

On October 15, 2020, GPIL entered into a new $425 million term loan facility under the Third Amended and Restated Credit Agreement with member banks of the Farm Credit System (the "Incremental Term A-2 Facility")(collectively, the "Current Credit Agreement"). The Incremental Term A-2 Facility had a delayed draw feature, and the Company drew the entire facility on January 14, 2021. On January 15, 2021, the Company used the proceeds, together with cash on hand, to redeem its 4.75% Senior Notes due in 2021 at par. The redemption included the outstanding principal amount plus accrued and unpaid interest. The Incremental Term A-2 Facility bears interest at a fixed rate of 2.67% due quarterly, matures January 14, 2028, and does not amortize. As long as the loan is outstanding, GPIL will be eligible to receive an annual patronage credit from the participating banks, which will be paid in cash and stock in the lead member bank. Patronage payable each year is variable and based on the individual financial performance of each of the member banks then participating in the loan.

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GRAPHIC PACKAGING HOLDING COMPANY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
Long-Term Debt is comprised of the following:

In millionsMarch 31, 2021December 31, 2020
Senior Notes with interest payable semi-annually at 0.821%, effective rate of 0.83%, payable in 2024(a)
$400 $ 
Senior Notes with interest payable semi-annually at 1.512%, effective rate of 1.52%, payable in 2026(a)
400  
Senior Notes with interest payable semi-annually at 3.50%, effective rate of 3.55%, payable in 2029(a)
350 350 
Senior Notes with interest payable semi-annually at 3.50%, effective rate of 3.55%, payable in 2028(a)
450 450 
Senior Notes with interest payable semi-annually at 4.75%, effective rate of 4.81%, payable in 2027(a)
300 300 
Senior Notes with interest payable semi-annually at 4.125%, effective rate of 4.16%, payable in 2024(b)
300 300 
Senior Notes with interest payable semi-annually at 4.875%, effective rate of 4.90%, payable in 2022(b)
250 250 
Senior Notes with interest payable semi-annually at 4.75%(b)
 425 
Senior Secured Term Loan A-2 Facility with interest payable quarterly at 2.67%, effective rate of 2.68% payable in 2028(a)
425  
Senior Secured Term Loan Facilities with interest payable at various dates at floating rates (1.59% at March 31, 2021) payable through 2023(a)
555 1,360 
Senior Secured Revolving Facilities with interest payable at floating rates (1.56% at March 31, 2021) payable in 2023(a)(c)
286 84 
Finance Leases and Financing Obligations138 139 
Other4 5 
Total Long-Term Debt3,858 3,663 
Less: Current Portion45 494 
Total Long-Term Debt Excluding Current Portion3,813 3,169 
Less: Unamortized Deferred Debt Issuance Costs26 22 
Total$3,787 $3,147 
(a) Guaranteed by GPIP and certain domestic subsidiaries.
(b) Guaranteed by GPHC and certain domestic subsidiaries.
(c) The effective interest rates for the Company’s Senior Secured Revolving Credit Facilities were 1.57% and 2.06% as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.

At March 31, 2021, the Company and its U.S. and international subsidiaries had the following commitments, amounts outstanding and amounts available under revolving credit facilities:

In millionsTotal
Commitments
Total
Outstanding
Total Available
Senior Secured Domestic Revolving Credit Facility(a)
$1,450 $211 $1,218 
Senior Secured International Revolving Credit Facility185 75 110 
Other International Facilities54 11 43 
Total$1,689 $297 $1,371 
(a) In accordance with its debt agreements, the Company’s availability under its revolving credit facilities has been reduced by the amount of standby letters of credit issued of $21 million as of March 31, 2021. These letters of credit are primarily used as security against the Company's self-insurance obligations and workers’ compensation obligations. These letters of credit expire at various dates through 2021 and 2022 unless extended.

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GRAPHIC PACKAGING HOLDING COMPANY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
The Current Credit Agreement and the indentures governing the 4.875% Senior Notes due 2022, 4.125% Senior Notes due 2024, 0.821% Senior Notes due 2024, 1.512% Senior Notes due 2026, 4.75% Senior Notes due 2027, 3.50% Senior Notes due 2028, and 3.50% Senior Notes due 2029 (the "Indentures"), limit the Company's ability to incur additional indebtedness. Additional covenants contained in the Current Credit Agreement and the Indentures may, among other things, restrict the ability of the Company to dispose of assets, incur guarantee obligations, prepay other indebtedness, repurchase stock, pay dividends and make other restricted payments, create liens, make equity or debt investments, make acquisitions, modify terms of the Indentures, engage in mergers or consolidations, change the business conducted by the Company and its subsidiaries, and engage in certain transactions with affiliates. Such restrictions could limit the Company’s ability to respond to changing market conditions, fund its capital spending program, provide for unexpected capital investments or take advantage of business opportunities.

As of March 31, 2021, the Company was in compliance with the covenants in the Credit Agreement and the Indentures.

NOTE 4 — STOCK INCENTIVE PLANS

The Company has one active equity compensation plan from which new grants may be made, the Graphic Packaging Holding Company 2014 Omnibus Stock and Incentive Compensation Plan (the “2014 Plan”). The 2014 Plan allows for granting shares of stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock, restricted stock units (“RSUs”) and other types of stock-based and cash awards. Awards under the 2014 Plan generally vest and expire in accordance with terms established at the time of grant. Shares issued pursuant to awards under the 2014 Plan are from GPHC’s authorized but unissued shares. Compensation costs are recognized on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period of the award and are adjusted for actual performance for performance-based awards. As of March 31, 2021, there were 11.4 million shares remaining available to be granted under the 2014 Plan.

Stock Awards, Restricted Stock and Restricted Stock Units

Under the 2014 Plan, all RSUs generally vest and become payable in three years from date of grant. RSUs granted to employees generally contain some combination of service and performance objectives based on various financial targets and relative total shareholder return that must be met for the RSUs to vest. Stock awards granted to non-employee directors as part of their compensation for service on the Board are unrestricted on the grant date.

Data concerning RSUs granted in the first three months of 2021 is as follows:
RSUsWeighted Average
Grant Date Fair
Value Per Share
RSUs — Employees1,522,157 $15.85 

During the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, $11 million and $13 million, respectively, were charged to compensation expense for stock incentive plans and is primarily included in Selling, General and Administrative expenses in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.

During the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, 1.2 million and 0.8 million shares were issued, respectively. The shares issued were primarily related to RSUs granted during 2018 and 2017, respectively.

NOTE 5 — PENSIONS AND OTHER POSTRETIREMENT BENEFITS

The Company maintains both defined benefit pension plans and postretirement health care plans that provide medical and life insurance coverage to eligible salaried and hourly retired employees in North America and their dependents. The Company maintains international defined benefit pension plans which are either noncontributory or contributory and are funded in accordance with applicable local laws. Pension or termination benefits are based primarily on years of service and the employee's compensation.

In the first quarter of 2020, the Company, using the assets held within the pension trust, purchased a group annuity contract that transferred the remaining pension obligation under its largest U.S. pension plan of $713 million to an insurance company. The Company incurred an additional non-cash settlement charge of $153 million related to this transfer. These non-cash settlement charges relate to Net Actuarial Loss previously recognized in Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss.

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GRAPHIC PACKAGING HOLDING COMPANY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
Pension Expense

The pension expenses related to the Company’s plans consisted of the following:
Three Months Ended
March 31,
In millions20212020
Components of Net Periodic Cost:
Service Cost$5 $4 
Interest Cost2 3 
Expected Return on Plan Assets
(5)(7)
Net Settlement Loss 153 
Amortization:
Actuarial Loss1 2 
Net Periodic Cost$3 $155 

Employer Contributions

In the first quarter of 2021, the Company made a $14 million contribution to its remaining U.S. defined benefit plan by effectively utilizing a portion of the excess balance related to the terminated U.S. defined benefit plan. At March 31, 2021, $6 million remains related to the terminated U.S. defined benefit plan and it is expected that this remainder will be utilized in the same way in the first quarter of 2022. Excluding this $14 million transfer, the Company expects to make contributions in the range of $10 million to $20 million for the full year 2021. During the first quarter of 2020, the Company made $1 million of contributions to its pension plans.


NOTE 6 — FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS AND FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENT

The Company enters into derivative instruments for risk management purposes only, including derivatives designated as hedging instruments under the Derivatives and Hedging topic of the FASB Codification and those not designated as hedging instruments under this guidance. The Company uses interest rate swaps, natural gas swap contracts, and forward exchange contracts. These derivative instruments are designated as cash flow hedges and, to the extent they are effective in offsetting the variability of the hedged cash flows, changes in the derivatives’ fair value are not included in current earnings but are included in Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss. These changes in fair value will subsequently be reclassified to earnings, contemporaneously with and offsetting changes in the related hedged exposure and presented in the same line of the income statement expected for the hedged item.

For more information regarding the Company’s financial instruments and fair value measurement, see “Note 10 — Financial Instruments, Derivatives and Hedging Activities and Note 11 — Fair Value Measurement” of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements of the Company’s 2020 Form 10-K.

Interest Rate Risk

The Company uses interest rate swaps to manage interest rate risks on future interest payments caused by interest rate changes on its variable rate term loan facility. Changes in fair value will subsequently be reclassified into earnings as a component of Interest Expense, Net as interest is incurred on amounts outstanding under the term loan facility. The following table summarizes the Company's current interest rate swap positions for each period presented as of March 31, 2021:

StartEnd(In Millions)
Notional Amount
Weighted Average Interest Rate
12/03/201801/01/2022$120.02.92%
12/03/201801/04/2022$80.02.79%

During the first three months of 2021 and 2020, there were no amounts of ineffectiveness related to changes in the fair value of interest rate swap agreements. Additionally, there were no amounts excluded from the measure of effectiveness.








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GRAPHIC PACKAGING HOLDING COMPANY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
Commodity Risk

To manage risks associated with future variability in cash flows and price risk attributable to purchases of natural gas, the Company enters into natural gas swap contracts to hedge prices for a designated percentage of its expected natural gas usage. Such contracts are designated as cash flow hedges. The contracts are carried at fair value with changes in fair value recognized in Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss and resulting gain or loss reclassified into Cost of Sales concurrently with the recognition of the commodity consumed. The Company has hedged approximately 35%, and 11% of its expected natural gas usage for the remainder of 2021 and all of 2022, respectively.

During the first three months of 2021 and 2020, there were no amounts of ineffectiveness related to changes in the fair value of natural gas swap contracts. Additionally, there were no amounts excluded from the measure of effectiveness.

Foreign Currency Risk

The Company enters into forward exchange contracts to manage risks associated with foreign currency transactions and future variability of cash flows arising from those transactions that may be adversely affected by changes in exchange rates. The contracts are carried at fair value with changes in fair value recognized in Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss and gains/losses related to these contracts are recognized in Other Expense, Net or Net Sales, when appropriate.

At March 31, 2021, multiple forward exchange contracts existed that expire on various dates through the remainder of 2021. Those purchased forward exchange contracts outstanding at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, when aggregated and measured in U.S. dollars at contractual rates at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, had notional amounts totaling $73 million and $102 million, respectively.

No amounts were reclassified to earnings during the first three months of 2021 or during 2020 in connection with forecasted transactions that were considered probable of not occurring and there was no amount of ineffectiveness related to changes in the fair value of foreign currency forward contracts. Additionally, there were no amounts excluded from the measure of effectiveness.

Derivatives not Designated as Hedges

The Company enters into forward exchange contracts to effectively hedge substantially all of its accounts receivables resulting from sales transactions and intercompany loans denominated in foreign currencies in order to manage risks associated with variability in cash flows that may be adversely affected by changes in exchange rates. At March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, multiple foreign currency forward exchange contracts existed, with maturities ranging up to three months. Those foreign currency exchange contracts outstanding at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, when aggregated and measured in U.S. dollars at contractual rates at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, had net notional amounts totaling $101 million and $80 million, respectively. Unrealized gains and losses resulting from these contracts are recognized in Other Expense, Net and approximately offset corresponding recognized but unrealized gains and losses on the remeasurement of these accounts receivable.

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

The Company’s derivative instruments are carried at fair value. The Company has determined that the inputs to the valuation of these derivative instruments are Level 2 in the fair value hierarchy. Level 2 inputs are defined as quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets or inputs that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly through market corroboration, for substantially the full term of the financial instrument. The Company uses valuation techniques based on discounted cash flow analyses, which reflect the terms of the derivatives and use observable market-based inputs, including forward rates, and uses market price quotations obtained from independent derivatives brokers, corroborated with information obtained from independent pricing service providers.

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GRAPHIC PACKAGING HOLDING COMPANY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
As of March 31, 2021, there has not been any significant impact to the fair value of the Company’s derivative liabilities due to its own credit risk. Similarly, there has not been any significant adverse impact to the Company’s derivative assets based on evaluation of the Company’s counterparties’ credit risks. The following table summarizes the fair value of the Company’s derivative instruments:

Derivative Assets(a)
Derivative Liabilities(b)
March 31, December 31,March 31, December 31,
In millions2021202020212020
Derivatives designated as hedging instruments:
Interest rate contracts$ $ $5 $6 
Foreign currency contracts1  1 3 
Commodity contracts
2 2   
Total Derivatives
$3 $2 $6 $9 
(a) Derivative assets of $3 million and $2 million are included in Other Current Assets as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.
(b) Derivative liabilities of $6 million and $9 million are included in Other Accrued Liabilities as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.

The fair values of the Company’s other financial assets and liabilities at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 approximately equal the carrying values reported on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets except for Long-Term Debt. The fair value of the Company’s Long-Term Debt (excluding finance leases and deferred financing fees) was $3,770 million and $3,625 million as compared to the carrying amounts of $3,720 million and $3,524 million as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. The fair value of the Company’s Total Debt, including the Senior Notes, is based on quoted market prices (Level 2 inputs). Level 2 valuation techniques for Long-Term Debt are based on quotations obtained from independent pricing service providers.

Effect of Derivative Instruments

The pre-tax effect of derivative instruments in cash flow hedging relationships on the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations is as follows:

Amount of (Gain) Loss Recognized in Accumulated Other Comprehensive LossLocation in Statement of OperationsAmount of Loss Recognized in Statement of Operations
Three Months Ended March 31,Three Months Ended March 31,
In millions2021202020212020
Commodity Contracts$(1)$3 Cost of Sales$ $3 
Foreign Currency Contracts(2)(3)Other Expense, Net1  
Interest Rate Swap Agreements 6 Interest Expense, Net1 1 
Total$(3)$6 Total$2 $4 

The pre-tax effect of derivative instruments not designated as hedging instruments on the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations is as follows:

Three Months Ended March 31,
In millions20212020
Foreign Currency ContractsOther Income, Net$(3)$(6)

Accumulated Derivative Instruments (Loss) Income

The following is a rollforward of pre-tax Accumulated Derivative Instruments (Loss) Income which is included in the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of March 31, 2021:

In millions
Balance at December 31, 2020$(7)
Reclassification to Earnings2 
Current Period Change in Fair Value3 
Balance at March 31, 2021
$(2)
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GRAPHIC PACKAGING HOLDING COMPANY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
At March 31, 2021, the Company expects to reclassify $2 million of pre-tax losses in the next twelve months from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss to earnings, contemporaneously with and offsetting changes in the related hedged exposure. The actual amount that will be reclassified to future earnings may vary from this amount as a result of changes in market conditions.

NOTE 7 — INCOME TAXES

Substantially all of the Company’s operations are held through its majority investment in GPIP, a subsidiary that is classified as a partnership for U.S. income tax purposes and is generally not subject to domestic income tax expense. As a result, the consolidated financial statements exclude the domestic tax effect of the earnings attributable to the noncontrolling partner’s interest in GPIP.

During the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company recognized Income Tax Expense of $18 million on Income before Income Taxes of $80 million. During the three months ended March 31, 2020, the Company recognized Income Tax Benefit of $5 million on Loss before Income Taxes of $25 million. The effective tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 is lower than the statutory rate primarily due to the tax effect of income attributable to noncontrolling interests as well as the mix and levels of earnings between foreign and domestic tax jurisdictions. In addition, during the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company recorded discrete benefits of approximately $1 million related to excess tax benefits on restricted stock that vested during the period.

As discussed in Note 1, as a result of the February 19, 2021 IP exchange, the Company recorded an adjustment through Additional Paid-in Capital to decrease its net domestic DTL by $58 million. The decrease in the DTL reflects the change in the outside basis difference associated with the Company’s investment in the partnership and includes the impact of the tax basis step up triggered by the exchange, pursuant to Section 754 of the Internal Revenue Code in addition to other changes to book and tax basis as a result of the Company’s increased ownership interest in the partnership.

NOTE 8 — ENVIRONMENTAL AND LEGAL MATTERS

Environmental Matters

The Company is subject to a broad range of foreign, federal, state and local environmental, health and safety laws and regulations, including those governing discharges to air, soil and water, the management, treatment and disposal of hazardous substances, solid waste and hazardous wastes, the investigation and remediation of contamination resulting from historical site operations and releases of hazardous substances, the recycling of packaging and the health and safety of employees. Compliance initiatives could result in significant costs, which could negatively impact the Company’s consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows. Any failure to comply with environmental or health and safety laws and regulations or any permits and authorizations required thereunder could subject the Company to fines, corrective action or other sanctions.

Some of the Company’s current and former facilities are the subject of environmental investigations and remediations resulting from historic operations and the release of hazardous substances or other constituents. Some current and former facilities have a history of industrial usage for which investigation and remediation obligations may be imposed in the future or for which indemnification claims may be asserted against the Company. Also, closures or sales of facilities may necessitate investigation and may result in remediation activities at those facilities.

The Company has established reserves for those facilities or issues where a liability is probable and the costs are reasonably estimable. The Company believes that the amounts accrued for its loss contingencies, and the reasonably possible loss beyond the amounts accrued, are not material to the Company’s consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows. The Company cannot estimate with certainty other future compliance, investigation or remediation costs. Some costs relating to historic usage that the Company considers to be reasonably possible of resulting in liability are not quantifiable at this time. The Company will continue to monitor environmental issues at each of its facilities, as well as regulatory developments, and will revise its accruals, estimates and disclosures relating to past, present and future operations, as additional information is obtained.

Legal Matters

The Company is a party to a number of lawsuits arising in the ordinary conduct of its business. Although the timing and outcome of these lawsuits cannot be predicted with certainty, the Company does not believe that disposition of these lawsuits will have a material adverse effect on the Company’s consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

NOTE 9 — RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

In connection with the NACP Combination, the Company entered into agreements with IP for transition services, fiber procurement fees, and corrugated products and ink supply. Payments to IP for the three months ended March 31, 2021 for fiber procurement fees and corrugated products were $3 million (related to pass through wood purchases of $53 million) and $7 million, respectively. Payments to IP for the three months ended March 31, 2020 for fiber procurement fees and corrugated products were $3 million (related to pass through wood purchases of $59 million) and $8 million, respectively.

NOTE 10 — SEGMENT INFORMATION

The Company has three reportable segments as follows:
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GRAPHIC PACKAGING HOLDING COMPANY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
Paperboard Mills includes the eight North American paperboard mills that produce primarily CRB, CUK, and SBS, which is consumed internally to produce paperboard packaging for the Americas and Europe Packaging segments. The remaining paperboard is sold externally to a wide variety of paperboard packaging converters and brokers. The Paperboard Mills segment Net Sales represent the sale of paperboard only to external customers. The effect of intercompany transfers to the paperboard packaging segments has been eliminated from the Paperboard Mills segment to reflect the economics of the integration of these segments.

Americas Paperboard Packaging includes paperboard packaging, primarily folding cartons, sold primarily to Consumer Packaged Goods ("CPG") companies, and cups, lids and food containers sold primarily to foodservice companies and Quick-Service Restaurants ("QSR"), serving the food, beverage, and consumer product markets in the Americas.

Europe Paperboard Packaging includes paperboard packaging, primarily folding cartons, sold primarily to CPG companies serving the food, beverage and consumer product markets in Europe.

The Company allocates certain mill and corporate costs to the reportable segments to appropriately represent the economics of these segments. The Corporate and Other caption includes the Pacific Rim and Australia operating segments and unallocated corporate and one-time costs.

These segments are evaluated by the chief operating decision maker based primarily on Income from Operations, as adjusted for depreciation and amortization. The accounting policies of the reportable segments are the same as those described above in "Note 1 — General Information."

Segment information is as follows:
Three Months Ended
March 31,
In millions20212020
NET SALES:
Paperboard Mills$237 $269 
Americas Paperboard Packaging1,169 1,123 
Europe Paperboard Packaging206 177 
Corporate/Other/Eliminations(a)
37 30 
Total$1,649 $1,599 
(LOSS) INCOME FROM OPERATIONS:
Paperboard Mills$(27)$(23)
Americas Paperboard Packaging121 195 
Europe Paperboard Packaging20 12 
Corporate and Other(b)
(6)(24)
Total$108 $160 
DEPRECIATION AND AMORTIZATION:
Paperboard Mills$58 $59 
Americas Paperboard Packaging42 39 
Europe Paperboard Packaging11 10 
Corporate and Other6 6 
Total$117 $114 
(a) Includes revenue from contracts with customers for the Australia and Pacific Rim operating segments.
(b) Includes expenses related to business combinations, shutdown and other special charges, and exit activities.

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GRAPHIC PACKAGING HOLDING COMPANY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
NOTE 11 — EARNINGS PER SHARE
Three Months Ended
March 31,
In millions, except per share data20212020
Net Income (Loss) Attributable to Graphic Packaging Holding Company
$54 $(13)
Weighted Average Shares:
Basic275.8 288.9 
Dilutive Effect of RSUs 1.4  
Diluted
277.2 288.9 
Earnings (Loss) Per Share — Basic$0.20 $(0.04)
Earnings (Loss) Per Share — Diluted$0.19 $(0.04)